Redes, Ecología y Ciencias Sociales: las redes complejas en Ecología Humana

  • Miguel A. Munguía-Rosas Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV), Unidad Mérida, Mérida, México.
  • Salvador Montiel Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV), Unidad Mérida, Mérida, México.
  • María T. Castillo Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV), Unidad Mérida, Mérida, México.
Palabras clave: complejidad, ecosistemas, manejo de recursos naturales, sociedad

Resumen

Las redes complejas han probado ser una poderosa herramienta analítica en aspectos teóricos y prácticos en las Ciencias Sociales y la Ecología. A pesar de que la Ecología Humana derivó de estas disciplinas, las redes complejas en este campo del conocimiento están actualmente subutilizadas. Esto es preocupante porque las redes complejas podrían ayudar a entender y solucionar algunos desafíos socio-ambientales enfrentados por conservacionistas. Por ello, en esta revisión presentamos las bases teóricas generales y aplicaciones de las redes complejas en Ciencias Sociales y Ecología, así como novedosas y potenciales aplicaciones en Ecología Humana. El objetivo principal es despertar el interés de los académicos y tomadores de decisiones en el área socioambiental sobre las aplicaciones posibles de las redes complejas en este campo.

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Publicado
2013-08-01