Circulación de virus ARN entre diversas especies de polinizadores y no-polinizadores en la Argentina

  • María L. Susevich Laboratorio de Virología (LAVIR), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • María L. Genchi García Laboratorio de Virología (LAVIR), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • María E. Bravi Laboratorio de Virología (LAVIR), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • María G. Echeverría Laboratorio de Virología (LAVIR), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Francisco J. Reynaldi Laboratorio de Virología (LAVIR), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata. La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Palabras clave: ambiente, abejas melíferas, Picornavirales, transmisión

Resumen

En los últimos años se ha detectado un descenso en las poblaciones de insectos polinizadores. Los factores causales de estas disminuciones incluyen patógenos, entre los que se destacan los virus ARN. Numerosas especies de insectos podrían actuar como reservorio de estos virus, resultando en enfermedades infecciosas emergentes para nuevos hospedadores. A la fecha se han identificado 10 virus de abejas en la Argentina, algunos de los cuales fueron hallados en otros polinizadores y no-polinizadores que comparten el ambiente. El objetivo de este estudio fue recabar información científica relacionada con la presencia y dispersión de los virus ARN en especies de Apoideos en la Argentina. Luego de una primera búsqueda se encontraron 178 citas utilizando palabras claves como ‘ARN virus’, ‘insectos’ y ‘Argentina’, y al redefinir otras palabras claves como ‘abejas’, ‘polinizadores’ y ‘no polinizadores’ se encontraron 30 citas. Mientras que este escenario podría llevar a la disminución de las poblaciones del nuevo hospedador, la diseminación de virus ARN podría conducir a la aparición de enfermedades infecciosas emergentes en ellos.

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RNA virus circulation among pollinator and non-pollinator species in Argentina
Publicado
2021-08-03
Sección
Comunicaciones breves