Effect of the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcanic complex eruption on crustacean zooplankton of Andean lakes

Esteban Balseiro, María S. Souza, Ignacio Serra Olabuenaga, Laura Wolinski, Marcela Bastidas Navarro, Cecilia Laspoumaderes, Beatriz Modenutti

Resumen


Ecología Austral, 24:75-82 (2014)

En este trabajo analizamos el efecto de las cenizas en el zooplancton crustáceo (cladóceros en particular) de lagos andinos norpatagónicos afectados por la erupción volcánica del Complejo Puyehue-Cordón Caulle. Los estudios se llevaron a cabo en tres escalas diferentes, subcelular, poblacional y ecosistémica. Los cladóceros son organismos filtradores que no pueden discriminar eficientemente entre el alimento (algas de tamaño menor a 30 µm) y la presencia de cenizas, por lo cual éstas son ingeridas. Las cenizas en suspensión impactaron negativamente en los individuos a nivel bioquímico incrementando el estrés oxidativo, provocando cambios en enzimas como la Catalasa y Glutatión-S-transferasa así como en el biomarcador Acetilcolinesterasa. A nivel poblacional se registró una disminución en la supervivencia y en la fecundidad con concentraciones crecientes de cenizas. En particular con valores de concentración de cenizas superiores a los 8 mg/L se observó que los individuos no llegaban a la edad de primera reproducción. A escala ecosistémica se verifica una disminución significativa del nivel trófico intermedio de consumidores primarios a pesar del incremento del nivel de los productores. La ausencia de este nivel trófico podría redundar en cambios en niveles tróficos superiores como los peces. Por último, la recuperación de las poblaciones del zooplancton fue verificada al año subsiguiente de la erupción, lo que sugirie una restauración rápida de las condiciones originales.


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