Movimientos de roedores intra- e inter-ambiente y riesgo de exposición al Hantavirus “Andes” en Patagonia norte, Argentina

Movimientos de roedores intra- e inter-ambiente y riesgo de exposición al Hantavirus “Andes” en Patagonia norte, Argentina

Martín J. Monteverde, Karina Hodara


Se estudiaron algunos aspectos de la ecología espacial de tres especies de roedores sigmodontinos (Oligoryzomys longicaudatus, Abrothrix olivacea y Abrothrix hirta) en el Paraje El Contra del Parque Nacional Lanín (Provincia de Neuquén, Argentina). Los resultados se analizaron en el marco del riesgo de exposición humana al Hantavirus "Andes", agente causal del Síndrome Pulmonar por Hantavirus. El trabajo se realizó en dos tipos de ambiente: silvestre y doméstico. Los roedores fueron capturados mensualmente con la metodología de captura-marcado-recaptura. De esta manera se estimaron y compararon los movimientos dentro y entre ambos ambientes y los tamaños de áreas de acción. Oligoryzomys longicaudatus, principal reservorio del Hantavirus "Andes" en Patagonia, presentó el mayor número de capturas en ambos ambientes y más de lo esperado por azar dentro de los ambientes domésticos. Además, mostró las áreas de acción con menor tamaño promedio y movimientos intra-ambiente estadísticamente significativos. Los ambientes domésticos rurales resultaron ser potencialmente los más riesgosos en términos de exposición y transmisión de Hantavirus a humanos. Como resultado de las capturas y movimientos dispersivos de O. longicaudatus, se discuten otras contribuciones de este trabajo a la salud humana.

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