La leña como vía para la introducción de insectos. ¿Cuáles son los riesgos de las invasiones de hormigas en la Patagonia?

La leña como vía para la introducción de insectos. ¿Cuáles son los riesgos de las invasiones de hormigas en la Patagonia?

Victoria Werenkraut, Gabriela I. Pirk, María N. Lescano, José D. Benclowicz, Luciana Elizalde

Resumen


La leña puede actuar como vector de dispersión de insectos a larga distancia, tanto dentro como entre países. Recientemente encontramos en Patagonia a la hormiga carpintera exótica Camponotus mus en leña transportada desde el centro de la Argentina. Esta especie tiene potencial invasor, y en su rango nativo genera pérdidas económicas significativas. Además, el calentamiento global y el incremento de los disturbios antrópicos en los ecosistemas Patagónicos los vuelven muy susceptible a las invasiones de insectos. Esto es especialmente alarmante dada la falta de controles sanitarios en el transporte de bienes hacia la región. Para prevenir introducciones de insectos a través de la leña es necesario un esfuerzo conjunto de la comunidad científica, los organismos de control, el gobierno y los usuarios finales.

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