Variación temporal de la abundancia de mosquitos (Diptera: Culicidae) en el Bosque Atlántico subtropical de Brasil

  • Elton Orlandin Department of Zoology, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Curitiba, PR, Brazil
  • Mônica Piovesan Department of Zoology, Universidade Federal do Paraná. Curitiba, PR, Brazil
  • Vilmar Oliveira De Souza Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina. Joaçaba, SC, Brazil
  • André H. Schneeberger Universidade Comunitária da Região de Chapecó. Chapecó, SC, Brazil
  • Mario A. Favretto Centro de Ciências da Saúde (CCS), Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
  • Emili Bortolon Dos Santos Centro de Ciências Rurais (CCR), Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Curitibanos, SC, Brazil
Palabras clave: factores abióticos, análisis circular, cambio climático

Resumen

Comprender la variación temporal en los patrones de abundancia de vectores o de posibles especies de vectores, así como los factores abióticos asociados a estos patrones, permite crear medidas estratégicas dirigidas a prevenir las enfermedades que propagan estos organismos. En este trabajo evaluamos mediante análisis circulares y lineales la variación temporal en los patrones de abundancia de las especies nativas de mosquitos, y verificamos cómo los factores abióticos (temperatura y pluviosidad) influyen en estos patrones. Para ello se llevaron a cabo recolecciones quincenales durante un año en un remanente de la Mata Atlántica en el sur de Brasil. Recolectamos 1891 ejemplares pertenecientes a 24 especies. De esas, 10 especies fueron lo suficientemente abundantes para evaluar la variación temporal en los patrones de abundancia. Encontramos diferentes períodos de ocurrencia para diferentes especies de mosquitos, y la distribución de abundancias también difirió a lo largo del año. La temperatura fue el principal factor abiótico asociado con la variación temporal en los patrones de abundancia presentados por las especies de mosquitos. De esta manera, la aplicación de estos análisis es particularmente interesante para comprender la variación temporal en los patrones de abundancia y posteriormente adoptar estrategias preventivas para organismos de importancia médica como los mosquitos.

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Temporal variation in abundance of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the subtropical Brazilian Atlantic forest
Publicado
2021-09-05
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